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This guide covers an example OpenID Connect plugin configuration to authenticate
browser clients using an Azure AD identity provider.
For information about configuring OIDC using Azure as an Identity provider
in conjunction with the Application Registration plugin, see
Set Up External Portal Application Authentication with Azure AD and OIDC.
Because OpenID Connect deals with user credentials, all transactions should take place over HTTPS.
Although user passwords for third party identity providers are only submitted to
those providers and not Kong, authentication tokens do grant access to a subset of
user account data and protected APIs, and should be secured. As such, you should
make Kong’s proxy available via a fully-qualified domain name and add a certificate for it.
If you have not yet added a Route and a Service, go ahead
and do so. Again, note that you should be able to secure this route with HTTPS,
so use a hostname you have a certificate for. Add a location handled by your
Route as an authorized redirect URI in Azure (under the Authentication section of your app registration).
Azure AD IdP Configuration
You must register an app in your Azure AD configuration and add a client secret credential that Kong will use to access it. You must also configure a redirect URI that is handled by your Route.
Azure AD provides two interfaces for its OAuth2/OIDC-related endpoints: v1.0 and v2.0.
Support for some legacy v1.0 behavior is still available on v2.0, including use of v1.0 tokens by
default, which is not compatible with Kong’s OIDC implementation. To force Azure AD to use v2.0 tokens,
edit your application manifest and set
YOUR_CLIENT_ID/.default scope in your plugin configuration as shown below.
Add a plugin with the configuration below to your Route using an HTTP client or Kong Manager.
$ curl -i -X POST https://admin.kong.example/routes/ROUTE_ID/plugins --data name="openid-connect" \
--data config.issuer="https://login.microsoftonline.com/YOUR_DIRECTORY_ID/v2.0/.well-known/openid-configuration" \
--data config.client_id="YOUR_CLIENT_ID" \
--data config.client_secret="YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET" \
--data config.redirect_uri="https://example.com/api" \
--data config.scopes="openid" \
--data config.scopes="email" \
--data config.scopes="profile" \
--data config.scopes="YOUR_CLIENT_ID/.default" \
Some of the configurations above must use values specific to your environment:
issuer URL can be retrieved by clicking the Endpoints button on your app registration’s Overview page.
redirect_uri should be the URI you specified earlier when configuring your app. You can
add one via the Authentication section of the app settings if you did not add one initially.
YOUR_CLIENT_ID with the client ID shown on the app Overview page.
YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET with the URL-encoded representation of the
secret you created earlier in the Certificates & secrets section. Azure AD secrets
often include reserved URL characters, which cURL might handle incorrectly if they are not URL-encoded.
Visiting a URL matched by that route in a browser will now redirect to Microsoft’s
authentication site and return you to the redirect URI after authenticating.
The configuration above allows users to authenticate and access the Route even though no
Consumer was created for them: any user with a valid account in the directory
will have access to the Route. The OIDC plugin allows this as the simplest
authentication option, but you might want to restrict access further. There are several options for this:
- Domain Restrictions
- Consumer Mapping
- Pseudo-Consumer Mapping
Azure AD does not provide identity tokens with the
hd claim, and as such, the
domains configuration cannot restrict users based on their domain.
Using a [single-tenant][azure-tenant] application will restrict access to users
in your directory only. Multi-tenant apps allow users with Microsoft accounts
from other directories and optionally any Microsoft account (e.g., live.com or Xbox accounts) to sign in.
If you need to interact with other Kong plugins using Consumer information, you can
add configuration that maps account data received from the identity provider to a Kong Consumer.
For this example, the user’s Azure AD account GUID is mapped to a Consumer by setting
it as the
custom_id on their Consumer:
$ curl -i -X POST http://admin.kong.example/consumers/ \
--data username="Yoda" \
$ curl -i -X PATCH http://admin.kong.example/plugins/OIDC_PLUGIN_ID \
--data config.consumer_by="custom_id" \
Now, if a user logs into an Azure AD account with the GUID
Kong will apply configuration associated with the Consumer
Yoda to their requests.
This also requires that clients login using an account mapped to some Consumer,
which may not be desirable (e.g., you apply OpenID Connect to a Service, but only
use plugins requiring a Consumer on some routes). To deal with this, you can set
anonymous parameter in your OIDC plugin configuration to the ID of a generic
Consumer, which will then be used for all authenticated users that cannot be mapped
to some other Consumer. You can alternately set
true to allow
similar logins without mapping an anonymous Consumer.
For plugins that typically require Consumers, the OIDC plugin can provide a consumer ID
based on the value of a claim without mapping to an actual Consumer. Setting
to a claim in your plugin configuration will extract the value
of that claim and use it where Kong would normally use a consumer ID. Note that this
may not work with all consumer-related functionality.
authenticated_groups_claim will extract that claim’s value and use it as a group for the ACL plugin.