Table of Contents
Welcome to Kong
Before going further into Kong, make sure you understand its purpose and philosophy. Once you are confident with the concept of API Gateways, this guide is going to take you through a quick introduction on how to use Kong and perform basic operations such as:
What is Kong, technically?
You’ve probably heard that Kong is built on Nginx, leveraging its stability and efficiency. But how is this possible exactly?
To be more precise, Kong is a Lua application running in Nginx and made possible by the lua-nginx-module. Instead of compiling Nginx with this module, Kong is distributed along with OpenResty, which already includes lua-nginx-module. OpenResty is not a fork of Nginx, but a bundle of modules extending its capabilities.
This sets the foundations for a pluggable architecture, where Lua scripts (referred to as ”plugins”) can be enabled and executed at runtime. Because of this, we like to think of Kong as a paragon of microservice architecture: at its core, it implements database abstraction, routing and plugin management. Plugins can live in separate code bases and be injected anywhere into the request lifecycle, all in a few lines of code.
Now, lets get familiar with learning how to “start” and “stop” Kong.